Confidentiality And Invention Assignment Agreement

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This document should be signed by each California employee to confirm that the employee will protect any confidential information received as part of his or her employment, both during and after their employment, and that any work and inventions produced while working for the company related to the company’s business belong to the company and not to the employee individually.

Note that this document is intended for by US companies with California employees only.

Check out our related articles Protecting Your Company’s Intellectual Property, Drafting Offer Letters: Keys to Simple and Effective Employment Agreements and Tips for Onboarding Employees to Early-Stage Companies.

To learn more about protecting your company’s intellectual property, visit Create and Protect.



As a condition of my becoming employed (or my employment being continued) by or retained as a consultant (or my consulting relationship being continued) by Company Name, a Name of State corporation or any of its current or future subsidiaries, affiliates, successors or assigns (collectively, the "Company"), and in consideration of my employment or consulting relationship with the Company and my receipt of the compensation paid to me by the Company, I,Employee Name, agree to the following:

1. Employment or Consulting Relationship.

I understand and acknowledge that this Agreement does not alter, amend or expand upon any rights I may have to continue as an employee, or in a consulting relationship with the Company or under any existing agreements between the Company and me or under applicable law. Any employment or consulting relationship between the Company and me, whether commenced prior to, on, or after the date of this Agreement, shall be referred to as the "Relationship."

2. At-Will Relationship.

I understand and acknowledge that my Relationship with the Company is at-will, as defined under applicable law. This means that either I or the Company may terminate the Relationship at any time for any reason or no reason, without further obligation or liability, except as set forth in the employment agreement between me and the Company, dated Date

3. Confidential Information.

(a) Definition

I understand that "Confidential Information" means any Company proprietary information, technical data, trade secrets or know-how, including, but not limited to, research, product plans, products, services, suppliers, customer lists and customers (including, but not limited to, customers of the Company on whom I called or with whom I became acquainted during the Relationship), prices and costs, markets, software, developments, inventions, laboratory notebooks, processes, formulas, technology, designs, drawings, engineering, hardware configuration information, marketing, licenses, finances, budgets or other business information disclosed to me by the Company either directly or indirectly in writing, orally or by drawings or observation of parts or equipment or created by me during the period of the Relationship, whether or not during working hours.

I understand that “Confidential Information” includes, but is not limited to, information pertaining to any aspect of the Company's business, which is either information not known by actual or potential competitors of the Company or other third parties not under confidentiality obligations to the Company, or is otherwise proprietary information of the Company or its customers or suppliers, whether of a technical nature or otherwise.

I further understand that “Confidential Information” does not include any of the foregoing items which has become publicly and widely known and made generally available through no wrongful act of mine or of others who were under confidentiality obligations as to the item or items involved

(b) Company Information.

I agree at all times during the term of my Relationship with the Company and thereafter, to hold in confidence, and not to use any Confidential Information of the Company which I obtain or create except for the benefit of the Company to the extent necessary to perform my obligations to the Company under the Relationship.

Further, I agree to not to disclose any Confidential Information of the Company to any person, firm, corporation or other entity without written authorization of the Board of Directors of the Company.

I further agree not to make copies of Confidential Information except as authorized by the Company.

(c) Prior Obligations.

I represent that my performance of all terms of this Agreement as an employee or consultant of the Company has not breached and will not breach any agreement to keep in confidence proprietary information, knowledge or data acquired by me prior to or after the start of my Relationship with the Company, and I will not disclose to the Company or use any inventions, confidential or non-public proprietary information or material belonging to any current or former client or employer or any other party.

I will not induce the Company to use any inventions, confidential or non-public proprietary information, or material belonging to any current or former client or employer or any other party. I acknowledge and agree that I have listed on Exhibit A all agreements (e.g., non-competition agreements, non-solicitation of customers agreements, non-solicitation of employees agreements, confidentiality agreements, inventions agreements, etc.) with a current or former employer, or any other person or entity, that may restrict my ability to accept employment with the Company or my ability as an employee or consultant to recruit or engage customers or service providers on behalf of the Company, or otherwise relate to or restrict my ability to perform my duties as an employee of the Company or any obligation I may have to the Company.

(d) Third Party Information.

I recognize that the Company has received and in the future will receive confidential or proprietary information from third parties subject to a duty on the Company's part to maintain the confidentiality of such information and to use it only for certain limited purposes. I agree to hold all such confidential or proprietary information in the strictest confidence and not to disclose it to any person, firm or corporation or to use it except as necessary in carrying out my work for the Company consistent with the Company's agreement with such third party.

4. Inventions.

(a) Inventions Retained and Licensed.

I have attached as Exhibit A, which is a list describing, in detail, all inventions, original works of authorship, developments, improvements, and trade secrets which were made by me prior to the start of the Relationship (collectively referred to as "Prior Inventions"), which belong solely to me or jointly with another, which relate in any way to any of the Company's proposed businesses, products or research and development, and which are not assigned to the Company by this agreement.

If no such list is attached, I represent that there are no such Prior Inventions. If, during my Relationship with the Company, I incorporate into a Company product a Prior Invention owned by me or in which I have an interest, the Company is hereby granted a non-exclusive, royalty-free, irrevocable, perpetual, worldwide license (with the right to sublicense) to make, have made, copy, modify, make derivative works of, use, sell and otherwise distribute such Prior Invention in connection with such product, process or machine.

(b) Assignment of Inventions.

I agree that I will promptly make full written disclosure to the Company, will hold in trust for the sole right and benefit of the Company and hereby assign to the Company, or its designee, all my right, title and interest throughout the world in and to any and all inventions, original works of authorship, developments, concepts, know-how, improvements or trade secrets, whether or not patentable or registrable under copyright or similar laws, which I may solely or jointly conceive or develop or reduce to practice, or cause to be conceived or developed or reduced to practice, during the period of my Relationship with the Company (collectively referred to as "Inventions"), except as provided in Section 4(e) below. I further acknowledge that all Inventions which are made by me (solely or jointly with others) within the scope of and during the period of my Relationship with the Company are "works made for hire" (to the greatest extent permitted by applicable law) and are compensated by my salary (if I am an employee) or by such amounts paid to me under any applicable consulting agreement or consulting arrangements (if I am a consultant), unless regulated otherwise by the mandatory law of the state of {*}.

(c) Maintenance of Records.

I agree to keep and maintain adequate and current written records of all Inventions made by me (solely or jointly with others) during the term of my Relationship with the Company. The records may be in the form of notes, sketches, drawings, flow charts, electronic data or recordings, laboratory notebooks, and any other format. The records will be available to and remain the sole property of the Company at all times. I agree not to remove such records from the Company's place of business except as expressly permitted by Company policy which may, from time to time, be revised at the sole election of the Company for the purpose of furthering the Company's business. I agree to return all such records (including all copies) to the Company at the time of termination of my Relationship with the Company as provided for in Section 5.

(d) Patent and Copyright Rights.

I agree to assist the Company, or its designee, at its own expense, in every proper way to secure the Company's, or its designee's, rights in:

  • the Inventions and any copyrights,
  • patents,
  • trademarks,
  • mask work rights,
  • moral rights, or
  • other intellectual property rights

in any country, including the disclosure to the Company or its designee of all pertinent information and data, the execution of all applications, specifications, oaths, assignments, recordings, and all other instruments which the Company or its designee shall deem necessary in order to apply for, obtain, maintain and transfer such rights, or if not transferable, waive such righto so that the Company can assign and convey to the Company or its designee, and any successors, assigns and nominees the sole and exclusive rights, title and interest in and to such Inventions, and any copyrights, patents, mask work rights or other intellectual property rights.

I further agree that my obligation to execute or cause to be executed, when it is in my power to do so, any of these instruments or papers shall continue after the termination of this Agreement until the expiration of the last intellectual property right to expire in any country of the world.

If the Company or its designee is unable because of my mental or physical incapacity or unavailability or for any other reason any application for any United States or foreign patents, copyright, mask works or other registrations covering Inventions or original works of authorship assigned to the Company or its designee as above, then I hereby irrevocably designate and appoint the Company and its duly authorized officers and agents as my agent and attorney in fact, to act for and in my behalf and stead to execute and file any such applications and to do all other lawfully permitted acts to further the application for, prosecution, issuance, maintenance or transfer of letters patent, copyright or other registrations thereon with the same legal force and effect as if originally executed by me.

I hereby waive and irrevocably quitclaim to the Company or its designee any and all claims, of any nature whatsoever, which I now or hereafter have for infringement of any and all proprietary rights assigned to the Company or such designee.

5. Privacy; Company Property; Returning Company Documents

I acknowledge and agree that I have no expectation of privacy with respect to the Company's telecommunications, networking or information processing systems (including, without limitation, stored company files, e-mail messages and voice messages) and that my activity and any files or messages on or using any of those systems may be monitored at any time without notice.

I further agree that any property situated on the Company's premises and owned by the Company, including disks and other storage media, filing cabinets or other work areas, is subject to inspection by Company personnel at any time with or without notice.

I agree that, at the time of termination of my Relationship with the Company, I will deliver to the Company (and will not keep in my possession, recreate or deliver to anyone else) any and all devices, records, data, notes, reports, proposals, lists, correspondence, specifications, drawings, blueprints, sketches, laboratory notebooks, materials, flow charts, equipment, other documents or property, or reproductions of any of the aforementioned items developed by me pursuant to the Relationship or otherwise belonging to the Company.

In the event of the termination of the Relationship, I agree to sign and deliver the "Termination Certification" attached hereto as Exhibit C; however, my failure to sign and deliver the Termination Certificate shall in no way diminish my continuing obligations under this Agreement.

6. Notification to Other Parties.

(a) Employees.

In the event that I leave the employ of the Company, I hereby consent to notification by the Company to my new employer about my rights and obligations under this Agreement.

(b) Consultants.

I hereby grant consent to notification by the Company to any other parties besides the Company with whom I maintain a consulting relationship, including parties with whom such relationship commences after the effective date of this Agreement, about my rights and obligations under this Agreement.

7. Solicitation of Employees, Consultants and Other Parties.

I agree that during the term of my Relationship with the Company, and for a period of twenty-four (24) months immediately following the termination of my Relationship with the Company for any reason, whether with or without cause, I shall not either directly or indirectly solicit, induce, recruit or encourage any of the Company's employees or consultants to terminate their relationship with the Company, or attempt to solicit, induce, recruit, encourage or take away employees or consultants of the Company, either for myself or for any other person or entity.

Further, duringmy Relationship with the Company and at any time following termination of my Relationship with the Company for any reason, with or without cause, I shall not use any Confidential Information of the Company to attempt to negatively influence any of the Company's clients or customers from purchasing Company products or services or to solicit or influence or attempt to influence any client, customer or other person either directly or indirectly, to direct his or its purchase of products and/or services to any person, firm, corporation, institution or other entity in competition with the business of the Company.

8. Representations and Warranties.

(a) Facilitation of Agreement.

I agree to execute promptly any proper oath or verify any proper document required to carry out the terms of this Agreement upon the Company's written request to do so.

(b) Conflicts.

I represent that my performance of all the terms of this Agreement does not and will not breach any agreement I have entered into, or will enter into with any third party, including without limitation any agreement to keep in confidence proprietary information acquired by me in confidence or in trust prior to start of my Relationship with the Company. I agree not to enter into any written or oral agreement that conflicts with the provisions of this Agreement.

(c) Voluntary Execution.

I certify and acknowledge that I have carefully read all of the provisions of this Agreement and that I understand and will fully and faithfully comply with such provisions.

9. General Provisions.

(a) Governing Law.

The validity, interpretation, construction and performance of this Agreement shall be governed by the laws of the State of {*}, without giving effect to the principles of conflict of laws.

(b) Entire Agreement.

This Agreement sets forth the entire agreement and understanding between the Company and me relating to the subject matter herein and merges all prior discussions between us. No modification or amendment to this Agreement, nor any waiver of any rights under this Agreement, will be effective unless in writing signed by both parties. Any subsequent change or changes in my duties, obligations, rights or compensation will not affect the validity or scope of this Agreement.

(c) Severability.

If one or more of the provisions in this Agreement are deemed void by law, then the remaining provisions will continue in full force and effect

(d) Successors and Assigns.

This Agreement will be binding upon my heirs, executors, administrators and other legal representatives, and my successors and assigns, and will be for the benefit of the Company, its successors, and its assigns.

(e) Survival.

The provisions of this Agreement shall survive the termination of the Relationship and the assignment of this Agreement by the Company to any successor in interest or other assignee.

(f) Remedies.

I acknowledge and agree that violation of this Agreement by me may cause the Company irreparable harm, and therefore agree that the Company will be entitled to seek extraordinary relief in court, including but not limited to temporary restraining orders, preliminary injunctions and permanent injunctions without the necessity of posting a bond or other security and in addition to and without prejudice to any other rights or remedies that the Company may have for a breach of this Agreement.



The parties have executed this Agreement on the respective dates set forth below:

Name: Prospective Employee Name

Date: Date


Name: Hiring Name

Title: Hiring Title

Date: Date

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