Starting An Essay With An Epigraph

Setting Up the MLA Paper Format

View Worksheet

When writing an assignment in MLA style, you must follow the MLA paper format. This means following guidelines for everything from margins and spacing or font type and size to using a header that shows up on every page. This format also dictates putting endnotes and your Works Cited page in a certain place within your paper and other formatting guidelines.

The goal of these MLA paper format guidelines is to create a consistent page setup and to foster readability within a paper or written text. Unless you are directed by an instructor to break from the formatting guidelines below, use the information to set up your MLA paper format.

Paper size and type

Use standard white computer paper that measure 8.5 x 11 inches. Avoid using thicker, card-stock type paper.

Margins and spacing for MLA paper format

The MLA paper format for margins and spacing is easy to set up in any word processor, so make sure to follow these guidelines when formatting your paper.

  • Use 1-inch margins on the top, bottom and both sides.
  • Indent the first sentence of each paragraph 1 inch from the left margin of your paper. The default setup of the “Tab” key is set to 1 inch, and the MLA paper format suggests using the Tab key instead of entering five spaces using the space bar.
  • Use standard double spacing throughout the entire text of your paper.
  • Avoid entering a double space between paragraphs by hitting the “Enter” key twice. There is already a space, and the 1-inch indentations notes the start of a new paragraph.
  • Use single spaces between sentences after the sentence-ending punctuation. This is the modern convention for spacing, so use single spacing unless assignment instructions specify otherwise.
  • Avoid increasing the margins or spacing to stretch the length of your paper.

Font size and type for MLA paper format

The purpose of using a particular font size and type in your MLA paper format is to make your text easy to read. While some assignment instructions may specify which font type or size to use, not all do. When you are not given specific instructions, use the following guidelines in your MLA paper format:

  • Choose a legible font by selecting one where the regular type and the italic type are different enough to make the use of either clear. “Times Roman Numeral” is always a great choice, but “Arial,” “Lucina,” “Modern,” and “Palermo” are also okay.
  • Avoid scripted fonts. While these fonts might appeal to you, they often make your content harder to read.
  • Use 12-pt. font as recommended by the MLA paper format. Sometimes, it is permitted to use 10- or 11-pt. font, but make sure this is okay under your instructions.
  • Never increase your font size to stretch the length of your paper.

The first page of MLA paper format

The first page of the MLA paper format differs from subsequent pages. It contains more heading information, your paper title and, if it applies, an epigraph. The first page is the only page that includes the whole heading and your paper title.

  • List your full name, your instructor’s full name or preferred title, the name of your course or class and the date you are turning in the paper, each on a separate line. Double space between each line.
  • Make sure to use a double space between the date and your paper title.
  • Center your title, and use title case for capitalization. Do not use underlining or italicizing within your title, and avoid using quotation marks unless the title of something else is within your title. Do not put your title in all capital letters.
  • Double space between the title and the start of the first paragraph.

Epigraph formatting for MLA paper format

Using an epigraph (a quotation that precedes the body of your paper) is common, but there is no official MLA guideline. If you choose to include an epigraph, use the formatting guidelines for a block quote by indenting 1 inch inside your paper margins. If the epigraph consists of multiple lines of short text, center the lines below your title, and follow these MLA paper format guidelines:

  • Use double spacing below and above the epigraph.
  • Use single spacing within an epigraph consisting of multiple lines.
  • Include the author’s name immediately below the epigraph, single-spaced from the previous line. The author’s name should appear on the right side of the text, and a corresponding entry in your Works Cited page is necessary.

Header and page numbers for MLA paper format

In addition to the extended heading information that is included on the first page, a header with page numbers is required on every page of the MLA paper format unless assignment instructions specify it is okay to omit the page number header on page one of your paper. Format your header using the following MLA paper format guidelines:

  • Create a header that uses consecutive page numbers in the right-hand top corner of your paper.
  • Set the header a ½ inch from the top edge of your paper while making sure the text is right aligned.
  • Include your last name three character spaces to the left of the page number.
  • Ensure this header appears on every page, including an endnotes or Works Cited page.

Section headings in MLA paper format

Section headings are not required in MLA paper format. However, you may opt to use them to increase the readability of your paper. You can use one or more levels of section headings and subheadings. If you choose to use section headings, keep the following MLA paper format guidelines in mind:

  • If you divide your essay into sections, number the sections with Arabic numbers and a period. Enter a space, and type the section heading.
  • When you are using only one level of section headings, maintain parallelism by making sure the headings are grammatically similar. If you use full-sentence section headings, make sure every section heading is a full sentence, for example. Likewise, if you use a short noun phrase, make all section headings a short noun phrase.
  • Should you use section headings, there are no set formatting guidelines. You can use bold, italics or underlining within the headings, and you can place the text use left alignment or center positioning. The important thing is to stay consistent throughout all your section headings by using the same formatting.
  • When using multiple levels of subheadings, you should create a key to the formatting for your instructor to avoid problems with grading on format.

Endnotes and Works Cited for MLA paper format

For endnotes and the Works Cited page, MLA paper format dictates that these are both placed on separate pages from one another and from the body of your research paper. The creation and use of endnotes and the Works Cited page are covered in another section of the MLA guide, but remember that both are separate documents that attach to your paper and use consecutive numbering in relation to your paper’s page numbers.

Title page for MLA paper format

A title page is not required under the MLA paper format. However, you might be asked in assignment instructions to provide one. If the format for the title page is identified within those instructions, use the details provided in formatting the title page. If not, follow the below guide for making a title page:

  • Do not put a page number on your title page. The first numbered page in MLA paper format is the first page with your paper text.
  • On the title page, create a 2-inch top margin.
  • Details to include in your title page should be included in the assignment instructions when a title page is asked for, so incorporate any additional information asked for within them. Following any formatting guidelines outlined in the instructions as well.

Following the MLA paper format helps increase the readability of your paper and helps your grade. Whenever you are unsure of the correct formatting, check the MLA guide to determine which, if any, MLA paper format rules applies. In addition, parenthetical citations (in-text citations) should be documented properly with all your sources cited correctly. When you follow these guidelines, your paper is a stronger one that has easy readability.

Not to be confused with epitaph, epigram, or epithet.

In literature, an epigraph is a phrase, quotation, or poem that is set at the beginning of a document or component.[1] The epigraph may serve as a preface, as a summary, as a counter-example, or to link the work to a wider literary canon,[2] either to invite comparison or to enlist a conventional context.[3]

In a book, it is part of the front matter.

Examples[edit]

  • As an epigraph to The Sun Also Rises, Ernest Hemingway quotes Gertrude Stein, "You are all a lost generation."
  • The epigraph to E. L. Doctorow's Ragtime quotes Scott Joplin's instructions to those who play his music, "Do not play this piece fast. It is never right to play Ragtime fast."
  • A Samuel Johnson quote is used as an epigraph in Hunter S. Thompson's novel Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas: "He who makes a beast of himself gets rid of the pain of being a man."
  • Stephen King uses many epigraphs in his writing, usually to mark the beginning of another section in the novel. An unusual example is The Stand where he uses lyrics from certain songs to express the metaphor used in a particular part.

Why, you may take the most gallant sailor, the most intrepid airman or the most audacious soldier, put them at a table together – what do you get? The sum of their fears.

Fictional quotations[edit]

Some authors use fictional quotations that purport to be related to the fiction of the work itself.

Examples include:

  • John Green's The Fault in Our Stars has a quotation from a fictitious novel, An Imperial Affliction, which features prominently as a part of the story.
  • F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby opens with a poem entitled "Then Wear the Gold Hat," purportedly written by Thomas Parke D'Invilliers. D'Invilliers is a character in Fitzgerald's first novel, This Side of Paradise. This cliché is parodied by Diana Wynne Jones in The Tough Guide To Fantasyland.
  • A poem at the beginning of J. R. R. Tolkien'sThe Lord of the Rings describes the Rings of Power, the central plot device of the trilogy.
  • Some science fiction works, such as Isaac Asimov's Foundation Trilogy, Frank Herbert's Dune series, and the Robotech novelizations by Jack McKinney use quotations from an imagined future history of the period of their story.
  • Fantasy literature may also include epigraphs. Ursula K. Le Guin'sEarthsea series includes epigraphs supposedly quoted from the epic poetry of the Earthsea archipelago.
  • Dean Koontz'The Book of Counted Sorrows began as a fictional book of poetry from which Koontz would "quote" when no suitable existing option was available; Koontz simply wrote all these epigraphs himself. Many fans, rather than realizing the work was Koontz' own invention, apparently believed it was a real, but rare, volume; Koontz later collected the existing verse into an actual book.[5]
  • Jasper Fforde's The Eyre Affair has quotations from supposedly future works about the action of the story.
  • The first and last books of Diane Duane's Rihannsu series of Star Trek novels pair quotations from Lays of Ancient Rome with imagined epigraphs from Romulan literature.
  • Stephen King's The Dark Half has epigraphs taken from the fictitious novels written by the protagonist.
  • The film Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby opens with a fictional quotation attributed to Eleanor Roosevelt for comedic effect.

See also[edit]

  • Epigram, a brief, interesting, memorable, and sometimes surprising or satirical statement
  • Incipit, the first few words of a text, employed as an identifying label
  • Flavor text, applied to games and toys
  • Prologue, an opening to a story that establishes context and may give background

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Epigraphic: an ever-growing, searchable collection of literary epigraphs
  • Epigraph at Literary Devices
Categories: 1

0 Replies to “Starting An Essay With An Epigraph”

Leave a comment

L'indirizzo email non verrà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *