|Born||Eleanore Marie Sarton|
(1912-05-03)May 3, 1912
|Died||July 16, 1995(1995-07-16) (aged 83)|
|Resting place||Nelson, New Hampshire|
|Occupation||Novelist, poet, memoirist|
|Genre||Fiction, non-fiction, poetry, children's literature|
|Notable awards||Sarton Memoir Award|
May Sarton is the pen name of Eleanore Marie Sarton (May 3, 1912 – July 16, 1995), an American poet, novelist and memoirist.
Sarton was born in Wondelgem, Belgium (today a part of the city of Ghent). Her parents were science historianGeorge Sarton and his wife, the Englishartist Mabel Eleanor Elwes. When German troops invaded Belgium after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914, her family fled to Ipswich, England, where Sarton's maternal grandmother lived.
One year later, they moved to Boston, Massachusetts, where her father started working at Harvard University. She went to school in Cambridge, Massachusetts, graduating from Cambridge High and Latin School in 1929. She started theatre lessons in her late teens, but continued writing poetry. She published her first collection in 1937, entitled Encounter in April.
In 1945 in Santa Fe, New Mexico, she met Judith "Judy" Matlack (September 9, 1898 – December 22, 1982), who became her partner for the next thirteen years. They separated in 1956, when Sarton's father died and Sarton moved to Nelson, New Hampshire. Honey in the Hive (1988) is about their relationship. In her memoir At Seventy, Sarton reflected on Judy's importance in her life and how her Unitarian Universalist upbringing shaped her. She was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1958.
Sarton later moved to York, Maine. In 1990, she suffered a stroke, severely reducing her ability to concentrate and write. After several months, she was able to dictate her final journals, starting with Endgame, with the help of a tape recorder. She died of breast cancer on July 16, 1995, and is buried in Nelson Cemetery, Nelson, New Hampshire.
Works and themes
Despite the quality of some of her many novels and poems, May Sarton's best and most enduring work probably lies in her journals and memoirs, particularly Plant Dreaming Deep (about her early years at Nelson, ca. 1958-68), Journal of a Solitude (1972-1973, often considered her best), The House by the Sea (1974-1976), Recovering (1978-1979) and At Seventy (1982-1983). In these fragile, rambling and honest accounts of her solitary life, she deals with such issues as aging, isolation, solitude, friendship, love and relationships, lesbianism, self-doubt, success and failure, envy, gratitude for life's simple pleasures, love of nature (particularly of flowers), the changing seasons, spirituality and, importantly, the constant struggles of a creative life. Sarton's later journals are not of the same quality, as she endeavoured to keep writing through ill health and by dictation.
Although many of her earlier works, such as Encounter in April, contain vivid erotic female imagery, May Sarton often emphasized in her journals that she didn't see herself as a "lesbian" writer, instead wanting to touch on what is universally human about love in all its manifestations. When publishing her novel Mrs. Stevens Hears the Mermaids Singing in 1965, she feared that writing openly about lesbianism would lead to a diminution of the previously established value of her work. "The fear of homosexuality is so great that it took courage to write Mrs. Stevens Hears the Mermaids Singing," she wrote in Journal of a Solitude, "to write a novel about a woman homosexual who is not a sex maniac, a drunkard, a drug-taker, or in any way repulsive, to portray a homosexual who is neither pitiable nor disgusting, without sentimentality ..."  After the book's release, many of Sarton's works began to be studied in university level women's studies classes, being embraced by feminists and lesbians alike. However, Sarton's work should not be classified as 'lesbian literature' alone, as her works tackle many deeply human issues of love, loneliness, aging, nature, self-doubt etc., common to both men and women.
Margot Peters' controversial biography (1998) revealed May Sarton as a complex individual who often struggled in her relationships.
- ^ abMay Sarton: A PoetArchived February 3, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.. Harvard Square Library.
- ^Pobo, Kenneth (2002). "Sarton, May". Chicago. Chicago: glbtq, Inc. Archived from the original on August 15, 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-29.
- ^"May Sarton". Unitarian Universalist Historical Society.
- ^"Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter S"(PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved July 25, 2014.
- ^May Sarton: A Poet's Life. University of Pennsylvania.
- ^"May Sarton". Poets.org. Academy of American Poets. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
- ^Journal of a Solitude, 1973, pp. 90-91.
May Sarton, original name Eleanore Marie Sarton, (born May 3, 1912, Wondelgem, Belg.—died July 16, 1995, York, Maine, U.S.), American poet, novelist, and essayist whose works were informed by themes of love, mind-body conflict, creativity, lesbianism, and the trials of age and illness.
Sarton’s family immigrated to Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1916. She saw her first work in print in Poetry magazine in 1929, the same year she joined Eva Le Gallienne’s Civic Repertory Theatre in New York as an apprentice. In 1933 Sarton founded the Apprentice Theatre (later Associated Actors Theatre); after it disbanded in 1936, she taught creative writing in Boston, then wrote scripts for the official Overseas Film Unit in New York. After 1945 she began to write full-time.
Sarton’s writing often earned greater acclaim from the public than from critics, whose comments ranged from admiration for her controlled, sensitive style to disdain for a perceived dullness and conventionality of language. Her novels increasingly reflected the concerns of her own life. Her early fiction, such as The Single Hound (1938) and A Shower of Summer Days (1952), is set in Europe and shows the merest glimpse of autobiography. Mrs. Stevens Hears the Mermaids Singing (1965), considered by many to be her most important novel, addresses issues of artistic expression. Her other novels include As We Are Now (1973), A Reckoning (1978), The Magnificent Spinster (1985), and The Education of Harriet Hatfield (1989), which describes aging, illness, and love between women.
Sarton thought her own poetry more significant than her prose. Of her many volumes of poetry, The Land of Silence (1953), In Time Like Air (1958), and A Private Mythology (1966) are cited as among her best, the last for its varied forms and for its invocation of Japanese, Indian, and Greek cultures. Her Collected Poems, 1930–1993 (1993) demonstrates her range of subjects and styles. Sarton’s late autobiographical writings, such as After the Stroke: A Journal (1989) and Encore: A Journal of the Eightieth Year (1993), offer meditations on illness and aging.