Main Components Of Research Paper

To deliver content with the least distractions, scientific papers have a stereotyped form and style. The standard format of a research paper has six sections:
  • Title and Abstract, which encapsulate the paper

  • Introduction, which describes where the paper's research question fits into current science

  • Materials and Methods, which translates the research question into a detailed recipe of operations

  • Results, which is an orderly compilation of the data observed after following the research recipe

  • Discussion, which consolidates the data and connects it to the data of other researchers

  • Conclusion, which gives the one or two scientific points to which the entire paper leads

This format has been called the IMRAD (Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, And Discussion) organization. I,M,R,D is the order that the sections have in the published paper, but this is not the best order in which to write your manuscript. It is more efficient to work on the draft of your paper from the middle out, from the known to the discovered, i.e.

Keywords

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Here are examples of 3 common types of titles
  • Question: Can PF Correction Increase Profits?
  • Summary: Design and Testing of a Small Power Company
  • 2-Part: Power System Operation: How to Survive an Emergency

Abstract
The abstract is a short (about 100-500 word) summary of the entire paper. It should include: goals and objectives, results, and conclusions. It is usually one of the last parts of the paper to be written.

Introduction
The introduction also has three main purposes. First, it provides background and motivation for your topic (usually includes a review of current literature on the topic). Second, it describes the focus and purpose of the paper you are writing. Third, it gives an overview of what is contained in the paper's various sections.

Methods/Procedure
This section describes what you did, how you did it, gives strategies, sample calculations, diagrams and circuits, and descriptions of equipment. The goal here is to give the reader sufficient inforamation to be able to repeat your work if desired. (Of course some "standard techniques" can be simply referenced).

Results
This section is where you prove your point with the data. Give graphs and tables of costs, profits, whatever your data is. Also give some description or guide to help the reader recognize your important points.

Conclusions/Discussion
Here you state what your learned or proved. What are the "take home messages" or major accomplishments of this work? You may also describe interesting observations, new questions, and future work here.

Bibliography
A list of the references you used in the work & writing the paper.

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