Presentation on theme: "Aim: How do we write a DBQ Essay on the Industrial Revolution?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Aim: How do we write a DBQ Essay on the Industrial Revolution?
Do Now:Copy the “how to’s for DBQs”into your notebooks
2 Document Based Questions –10 – 15 pts
How to answer DBQ’sDocument Based Questions –10 – 15 ptsread the questions firstexamine the source (who said it?, where did it come from?)read the documentunderline key ideas/words/informationanswer in full sentences
3 Task #1 Each answer will count as 1 point each for a total of 16 pts
Follow the 5 step process for answering DBQuestionsAnalyze & answer documents 1 – 8 in FULL SENTENCESEach answer will count as 1 point each for a total of 16 pts
4 Document #1Does this testimony describe positive or negative effects of the Industrial Revolution?-This testimony describes the __________ effects of the Industrial RevolutionDescribe the effects of industrialization on children working in the factory.-Industrialization effected children working in the factory by ______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________
5 Document #2Does this testimony describe positive or negative effects of the Industrial Revolution?-This testimony describes the __________ effects of the Industrial RevolutionWhat effect did the working conditions have on the workers?-The working conditions effected the workers by __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________
6 Documents #3 & 4How does Andrew Ure describe the conditions in factories he visited?-Andrew Ure describes the conditions in the factories as __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________According to the author, were the effects of Industrial Revolution positive or negative? Cite 3 details to support your answer-According to the author, the effects of the Industrial Revolution were _____________ because _______________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________
7 Documents # 5 & 6What benefits were provided to people of this village?-The benefits provided to the village were ____________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________What did Leon Faucher observe when he visited Hyde?-Leon Faucher observed _____________________________________________________when he visited Hyde.
8 Document #7What did Engles observe as he visited an English industrial city?-Engles observed _________________________________ as he visited an English industrial city.Why did Engles focus on the negative results of industrialization?-Engles focused on the negative results of industrialization because ________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________
9 Document #8 Describe British iron production between 1740 – 1900.
-From 1740 – 1900, British iron production ________ ___________________________________________Is this a positive or negative effect of the Industrial Revolution? Explain…-This chart shows the _____________ effects of the Industrial Revolution because ______________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________
10 Aim: How do we write a DBQ Essay on the Industrial Revolution?
Do Now:Copy the “how to’s for DBQ Essay”into your notebooks
11 How to Write a DBQ Essay DBQ Essay – 20 pts
Use the Historical Context to help start your introductiondefine vocabulary words from your essayunderline the documents when mentioned in essaywrite out full names of key peoplecombine like documents into the same paragraphuse outside information (what else can you tell us about the topic)quote phrases or sentences from the documentsuse at least 1 more than half of the documents in your essay (for example, if there are 8 documents, you should use 5 documents in your essay)
12 You have answered documents 1 – 8, now what?
13 Task #2Copy ‘How to write a DBQ essay’ into your notebooksRead the directionsExamine the essay question:Evaluate the positive and negative effects of the Industrial RevolutionWrite your DBQ Essay, be sure to address the question & use at least 5 documents from the packetCreate a T- chart outline to organize your informationCompleted packet & Essay will be collected at the end of the period on Monday
14 Industrial Revolution T-Chart Outline
Positive (-) Effectsof the Industrial RevolutionNegative (-) EffectsDocument # ____ /source:In Document #__,Document # ____/source:As we see in Document #___,According to Document # ___,According to the author in Doc #___,
15 Aim: How can we use the DBQ packet to help write a DBQ Essay?
Do now:Take out your DBQ packet, a blue or black pen & begin writing your DBQ essay.
16 Industrial Revolution DBQ Essay
IntroductionBody Paragraph 1Body Paragraph 2Conclusion-Use the Historical Content-Define Industrial Revolution-The Industrial Revolution had_______ effects on the social & economic lives of the people of England. As we see in Document # ___,According to Document # ___,-Restate the main idea (historical context)-Include your opinion of the Industrial Revolution. Do you think it was positive or negative?-Explain why you feel that way.
17 Use the Historical Context to help you start your introduction
The Industrial Revolution which began in England in the late 1700’s had a wide range of positive and negative effects on the economic and social life of the people of England. These results have been interpreted from a variety of perspectives – the factory workers, the factory owners, the government and others who observed the conditions in industrial cities at the time.
18 Industrial Revolution DBQ Packet
Completed packet & Essay will be collected at the end of the period on MondayDBQ Packet = 16 pointsDBQ Essay = 84 pointsIntroduction = 12 pointsBody Paragraph #1 = 30 pointsBody Paragraph #2 = 30 pointsConclusion = 12 pointsTotal = 100 points
While a number of the most important reform movements of the late 19th and early 20th centuries grew out of efforts to combat the negative effects of industrialization, the main focus of their efforts was not the impact of the Industrial Revolution on the natural environment. Although some reformers, such as Theodore Roosevelt and Gifford Pinchot, were deeply worried about the consequences of economic development on the natural environment, the most influential, most effective reformers were primarily concerned with the impact of the rise of big business on small businesses, industrial workers, and consumers, and with corruption in government that reformers believed resulted from the economic power of large corporations.
Farmers were upset at what they regarded as arbitrary and excessive railroad rates and abuses such as rebates to big business like Standard Oil. These farmers were among the first and most outspoken advocates of reform in the late 19th century. Pressure from the Farmers’ Alliances convinced Congress to pass and President Cleveland to sign the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887, a piece of legislation designed to regulate railroad rates and prohibit corrupt practices such as rebates. By 1890, these Farmers’ Alliances had entered politics in a number of Southern and Midwestern states and succeeded in pressuring Congress to pass the Sherman Antitrust Act, outlawing all “combinations in restraint of trade.” By 1892, a national People’s Party had been organized, nominating a third-party presidential candidate and electing several members of Congress. The Populist movement, a reform movement attempting to combat the negative effects of industrialization and the rise of big business, was now in full swing.
Beginning at the state level and with strong support in many urban areas, a new progressive movement reached the national level during the first years of the 20th century. Supported by President Theodore Roosevelt, progressive reformers, like the Populists, sought to strengthen railroad regulation and both enforce and further strengthen the antitrust laws. In 1902, President Roosevelt not only forced mine owners to submit to arbitration to settle a nationwide coal strike, he also asked his attorney general to file an antitrust suit against the Northern Securities Company, a large railroad holding company. After the Supreme Court upheld a lower court decision to break up the Northern Securities Company in 1904, Roosevelt went on to strengthen the Interstate Commerce Commission’s ability to regulate railroad rates by pushing the Hepburn Act through Congress in 1906. A few years later, another progressive reformer, Woodrow Wilson, succeeded to the presidency, and he managed to further strengthen the antitrust laws by pushing the Clayton Antitrust Act through Congress in 1914.
While railroad regulation and antitrust actions attracted the most attention of reformers during the period 1880–1920, some efforts were made by reformers to mitigate the effects of industrialization and commercial expansion on the natural environment. President Roosevelt used his executive authority to put thousands of acres of public lands aside for national parks, saving them from commercial exploitation. In 1908, he convened a conservation conference at the White House in an effort to further mitigate the damage that mining and manufacturing were doing to the natural environment, especially in the West. President Roosevelt also pushed for the establishment of the forest service and appointed a conservation-minded ally, Gifford Pinchot, to head that agency. Finally, even after retiring from office, Roosevelt supported Pinchot in his efforts to prevent President Taft’s secretary of the interior, Richard Ballinger, from opening additional public lands to commercial exploitation.
Thus, both the populist and progressive movements sought to combat the negative effects of industrialization and economic expansion by focusing primarily on railroad regulation and the strengthening and enforcement of antitrust legislation. Nevertheless, some progressive reformers like Theodore Roosevelt and Gifford Pinchot did pay significant attention to preventing further damage to the natural environment and helped to found the modern conservation movement.